Catherine Susan Genovese, commonly known as Kitty Genovese, was a
The bystander effect (also known as bystander apathy, Genovese syndrome, diffused responsibility or bystander intervention) is a psychological phenomenon in which an individual will intervene in an emergency goes down as the number of bystanders increases.
The bystander effect also suggests that living in large cities may foster bystander apathy. For example, residents of large cities may generally feel less responsible for the well-being of strangers than residents of small cities, because most setting in the large city have many people present.
Recently, there was a case in
Shall the suspect really had allegedly stab a man in a public place like hawker centre, its puzzled me as no one offered help to the man or stop the suspect when he literally perform such an act in the eyes of the wide public.
A personal view was that we shouldn’t put all the responsibility onto the police officer and the suspect, but everyone who were present at the scene of murder were partly responsible too. Wasn’t it part of our responsibility to prevent a crime from happening too? Or it was just the responsibility of the police. One could debate that the suspect was holding a weapon, hence it’s unwise or dangerous to interfere physically. However, if the public was active, merely shouting or halting at the suspect by a handful of people might send him fleeing off before he could commit the crime or deliver the fatal blow. The above statement is an assumption of my own.
Researches had suggested that bystanders tend not to intervene in emergency, as they lack the ability to help, such as when they do not know how to administer CPR to an apparent heart attack victim.
However, i feel that bystander effect does not only occur in emergency but also in minor event of our daily life. A possible explanation of this could be the diffusion of responsibility. In situation with others present, individual assume that someone else is going to intervene and so they each individually refrain from doing so and feel less responsible.
A typical example would be every morning we see a elder or a pregnant lady on the train or bus, how many of us actually give up the seat to them on first though or rather assume and wait for other passenger to do so.
The effect of bystanders effect and diffusion of responsibility had slowly contaminated our basic moral value on lending an helping hand. An personal viewpoint was we need to foster better and more helping behavior in the community before bystanders effect become a part of our daily lives.